We are all familiar with the different types of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, but there are many more minority groups than just that. These groups include everyone from people with disabilities to LGBTQ individuals to religious groups, and they are all protected by both the Constitution and federal laws, as well as state laws in some cases. The following guide will help you learn more about what major minority rights groups (MRG) exist and the rights they enjoy under our country’s laws.
What is Minority Rights Group?
A minority rights group is an organization dedicated to protecting and advancing a certain minority group’s human right. Minorities are typically defined by race, religion, nationality, or sexual orientation. In some countries, they may also be distinguished based on their physical ability or mental capacity. No matter how each one is categorized in a given society, they are still considered distinct from majorities—those who represent more than half of any given population. In every country around the world, minorities have been oppressed for centuries.
Types of Major Minority Groups
As we explore minority rights groups (MRG) in America, it’s important to know exactly what minority means. Most states recognize four major groups: African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans or Native Americans, people with origins from Hispanic Latin America, Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders, and people who identify as two or more races. Within these four major groups are smaller subgroups. For example, within Asians, there is a group called Asian Indians that have very different roots than Japanese-Americans. It’s also helpful to understand that even though the U.S.
1) African Americans MRG
The civil rights movement led to African Americans finally being guaranteed a basic level of equality under the law. The Civil Rights Act created equal opportunity provisions for minorities, women, disabled people, and some unions. Large civil rights rallies have also been held in Washington, which has attracted a large number of supporters.
2) Asian Americans MRG
Asian Americans make up approximately 5.8% of America’s population, which places them at a very sizable minority. As more immigrants from Asian countries settle in our country, Asian American culture continues to prosper and grow along with it. Here is what you need to know about Asian Americans’ rights as a minority group.
3) Hispanic Americans MRG
By definition, a minority group is a population segment whose members have significantly less social power than other segments of society. In terms of racial demographics, Hispanic Americans can be considered as an example of a minority group. This category includes people from Latin America who possess varying combinations of ethnic ancestries (e.g., European, African, or American Indian).
4) Native Americans MRG
One particular minority group which has fallen behind in terms of civil rights is that of Native Americans. During their first couple hundred years on American soil, they had been ill-treated by white settlers, who were primarily from Europe. Although things have begun to improve for them (largely due to notable Native American leaders like Sitting Bull), they still suffer discrimination in certain areas. Despite all that they have endured though, there are many positives to be found within Native American communities today.
Rights of Major Minority Groups
In America, two major minority groups face significant prejudice: African Americans and Hispanic Americans. While no one should face persecution for being who they are, these groups have a long history of discrimination than other minorities in America. Because of their unique situation, each group has been able to develop its group rights as a way to gain equality. Following are some rights of Minority rights groups (MRG).
1) Right to enjoy your culture
The first right given to a minority group is being able to use their language. This means they can speak, write, read, and learn their mother tongue without having their language officially recognized as one by their national government. However, just because it’s not recognized doesn’t mean that other people can’t speak it. Any citizen in a country has a right to use any language they want whenever they want; what is usually recognized as an official language is used for communication with other countries
2) Right to enjoy your culture
Just as it is important to protect minority groups’ cultures, it is also necessary to support their rights to enjoy those cultures. The UN Declaration on Minorities encourages states to protect minorities’ right to enjoy their own culture, profess and practice their religion, transmit their language…and establish educational institutions. The declaration also ensures that members of ethnic minorities have equal rights concerning employment.
3) Right to use your language
One of the most important rights that a minority group has is to use its language. In many cases, a government will try to force a group to speak another language that it does not understand. In these situations, minorities must be able to use their language freely to preserve their culture. It can be very easy for dominant groups within a country or region to assume that everyone else speaks their language. This assumption can lead them to pass laws restricting any other form of communication.
4) Right to claim and practice own religion
Another right of minority citizens has the freedom to choose their own religious beliefs without government interference. Practicing a religion may involve holding a ceremony at your house or visiting other houses of worship for services, which you can do freely as long as you don’t bother anyone else in doing so.
5) Right to freedom of expression and Gathering
In general, everyone in Canada has freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. This means you can demonstrate, make speeches or public addresses, organize peaceful demonstrations. However, your right to freedom of expression is not unlimited. You cannot use your rights to interfere with someone else’s rights – for example, by shouting so loudly that you prevent a speaker from being heard. And no one has a right to gather in a way that damages property or interferes with other people’s safety or enjoyment.
6) Right to get equal opportunities
Another minority rights protection has to do with getting equal opportunities to all minority groups. For example, if you have an accent, wear some traditional clothes, or look different from local people around you then you must get equal opportunities in order not to be treated unfairly. That’s because some employers tend to treat people differently just because they don’t like their appearance.