In the United States, many holidays are designated by the legislature on an annual basis. However, many holidays have been established by presidential proclamation over the years since the first official federal holiday was created in 1870 to honor General Ulysses S. Grant and his army’s victory over Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, where Confederate forces were forced to surrender thus ending the American Civil War (1861–1865). Another example of a presidential proclamation was that of December 17, 1968, which was recognized as Minority Rights Day.
What is Minority Rights Day?
August 9 marks Minority Rights Day, a holiday set aside to celebrate cultural diversity. The day was originally conceived in 1947 by Carter G. Woodson, an African-American historian who grew up during a time when racial segregation and discrimination were prevalent in American society. Woodson wanted to create a day of national recognition that would showcase ethnic minority groups’ contributions to American society through history; from their participation in World War I to their inclusion in key historical events such as presidential inaugurations, constitutional drafting sessions, and even Supreme Court decisions that resulted in civil rights victories for people of color. But it wasn’t until 1980—when President Jimmy Carter officially declared August 9 as National Ethnic Awareness Week—that it became an official holiday celebrated each year across America.
Minority Rights Day History
In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order that authorized a committee to oversee the implementation of minority rights for all Americans. The National Committee on Minorities was designated as a voluntary agency responsible for protecting minority rights during World War II. To commemorate his order, Congress decided on Dec. 17 as National Minorities Day to recognize minority contributions to America’s democratic system in honor of President Roosevelt’s commitment to human equality and freedom for all people. The designation of Dec. 17 as Minorities Rights Day commemorates that first initiative toward the protection of these groups’ civil liberties; however, it was not until 1988 that congress established an annual observance on Dec. 17 throughout America and urged citizens to display flags in commemoration of our country’s diverse population.
1) Who Declared It?
On March 21, 1960, Congressman John Rarick sponsored House Joint Resolution 589. This created Minority Groups Week for all Americans to celebrate diversity. At that time there were no formal federal holidays recognizing diversity so Congressman Rarick declared that a week was a sufficient amount of time to celebrate. In 1987 President Ronald Reagan renamed Minority Groups Week to National Unity Day. In 1988 President Reagan moved it to February 12 in honor of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday and his Gettysburg Address which called for equality for all Americans. There has been movement in Congress for over 20 years now to declare March 21 as an official national holiday celebrating minority rights day but nothing has come of it thus far.
2) When Is Minority Rights Day?
Every year, on 11 August, activists around the world come together to show their support for and celebrate minority rights day. The date of 11 August coincides with two important events in history: Minority Rights Declaration – A document was adopted by UNESCO’s General Conference at its 16th session on 20 November 1992 to safeguard against any discrimination or intolerance on grounds of religion, race, color, or language. In particular Article 5 deals with MIND (Minorities and Indigenous peoples). International Day of Solidarity with Peoples Struggling for National Liberation and Self-determination – This day commemorates the struggle of oppressed people throughout time all over the world. It honors their courage and determination to be free, among many other achievements they made during their struggle.
3) What Happened on This Date?
What happened on this date? Today’s Historical Event: In 1990, after a march by 250,000 people through Sunday streets of Moscow led by Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko and religious leaders, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree officially recognizing Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia Lithuania, and Ukraine as independent nations. The action effectively dissolved what was left of the Soviet Union.
Importance of Minority Rights Day
In early 1966, a fight for minority rights was brewing in America. On May 3rd, Martin Luther King Jr delivered his famous speech The Other America in New York City at an Economic Club of Manhattan luncheon. In that speech, Dr. King emphasized that minorities were not living under equal conditions as whites—particularly black Americans—and he called for legislative action to end these inequalities. Later that month on May 17th, Congress officially declared May 21st Minority Day in recognition of Dr. King’s efforts to advocate for equality among all races and backgrounds through a document called The Civil Rights Act of 1966 which became law on July 2nd; it prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion or national origin.
How Minorities are Treated Globally
Minorities are treated differently around the world. In some countries, they are subject to horrific discrimination, persecution, or outright violence. Other countries may view minorities as outsiders who are undeserving of help. For example, during Israel’s recent conflict with Hamas in Gaza, many Jews considered Palestinian’s members of a minority group because they live in their separate nation-state. Although people tend to think of minorities as one particular type of minority group (i.e., racial minorities), there are five types of minority groups that can be found throughout human history: ethnic, religious, political, regional (or territorial), and cultural.
Which Minority Groups Benefit from Special Protection?
Protected minority groups include blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians, Arabs, and certain religious groups. In most countries, these rights are protected by laws prohibiting discrimination on a variety of different grounds. These can include color, race, nationality, ethnicity, or religion. Sexual orientation is also included in many lists of protected classes of citizens. Discrimination due to pregnancy or gender identity is prohibited in some countries such as Canada while in others such as Great Britain it remains legal.
As we noted above, every minority has a right to be treated equally. However, in some cases that equality is guaranteed by law, and in others it’s protected by social mores or etiquette.